Millennium Education Development
The Millennium Development Goals proposed by the United Nations and ratified by international organizations and some 155 countries make universalization of education one of the goals desired by most countries in the world. It is identified that of the 140 million children in the world who are outside the educational system, a third of them have a disability. This places considerable pressure on UNESCO to monitor the incorporation of this population into education. It is necessary to remember that it is not only access in terms of coverage and accessibility; it requires incorporating the concept and indicators around educational quality. In the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) educating children and young people with disabilities is a challenge that is increasingly seen in many of the cities and towns of the region. There is a move towards more inclusive training in almost all countries. There are already examples of good practice, but it is necessary to strengthen the models and make them more systemic, structured / regulated and systematic.
Ways to achieve
Inclusive Education requires changes in approach and practices, but also in rethinking fundamental attitudes about education. Inclusive education is seen as a model that proposes structural changes in education and should be seen as an approach to the development of the whole school system. The development of a model of inclusive and community-based educational institution is immensely adjusted to the proposals of the Education for All initiative. Within this model, students with special educational needs, including those with disabilities, receive their education alongside their non-disabled peers at the schools in their communities. Inclusive Education starts by recognizing that special education should be promoted and policies and legislation must be anchored in the ideal of education for all and equity as an element of social justice in the opportunities for all children, especially for those who have been consistently excluded, in this case persons with disabilities. The way to implement special education is through an inclusive education that requires reforms in the education system.
The reach of universal primary education by the year 2030 requires more than24 million new teachers, revealed Wednesday United Nations agencies in a joint statement issued on the occasion of World Teachers’ Day. Universal primary education is part of the Sustainable Development Goals. That figure rises to more than 44 million teachers if we refer to the same situation in secondary education. Despite their vital importance in children’s learning, teachers face labor difficulties such as contractual precariousness, low wages, and lack of training and professional development. Faced with this situation, UN agencies are fighting for the implementation of measures that contribute to improve their professional situation, such as adequate remuneration, equip them with the necessary tools to carry out their work and improve the efficiency of education systems in all levels.
About the author
The author, James Faulkner, is having experience in the field of education. The writer is fond of research which reflects in his best writings. The writer develops a thorough understanding about the education and its development in the millennium development program.